I play it in a weak moment – maybe once a year or twice a year for myself. Performing the first movement of Bach's Keyboard Concerto No. He performed on television and radio, and produced three musique concrète radio documentaries called the Solitude Trilogy, about isolated areas of Canada. Gould rejected most of the standard Romantic piano literature by Chopin, Liszt, and others, in favour of Bach and Beethoven mainly, along with some late-Romantic and modernist composers. After his retirement from concert performance, he was increasingly interested in other media, including audio and film documentary and writing, through which he mused on aesthetics, composition, music history, and the effect of the electronic age on the consumption of media. [12] Gould's interest in the piano was concomitant with an interest in composition. He is buried next to his parents in Toronto's Mount Pleasant Cemetery (section 38, row 1088, plot 1050). [111] He was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto in 1998, and designated a National Historic Person in 2012. [60] In the case of Bach, Gould noted, "[I] fixed the action in some of the instruments I play on—and the piano I use for all recordings is now so fixed—so that it is a shallower and more responsive action than the standard. [97] Schwarzkopf believed in "total fidelity" to the score, but she also objected to the temperature, which was to Gould's liking: The studio was incredibly overheated, which may be good for a pianist but not for a singer: a dry throat is the end as far as singing is concerned. 1) came in 1953 on the short-lived Canadian Hallmark label. Glenn Herbert Gould was born at home in Toronto, on 25 September 1932, to Russell Herbert Gold (1901–1996) and Florence Emma Gold (née Grieg; 1891–1975),[4] Presbyterians of Scottish, English, and Norwegian ancestry. Glenn Gould. He argued that public performance devolved into a sort of competition, with a non-empathetic audience (musically and otherwise) mostly attendant to the possibility of the performer erring or not meeting critical expectation. [69] Gould's public funeral was held in St. Paul's Anglican Church on 15 October with singing by Lois Marshall and Maureen Forrester. In 2007, Foss confirmed that she and Gould had had a love affair lasting several years. He was extremely critical of Chopin. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Playing next. [108] François Girard's Genie Award winning 1993 film, Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould includes documentary interviews with people who knew him, dramatizations of scenes from Gould's life, and fanciful segments including an animation set to music. Bazzana has speculated that Gould's increasing use of a variety of prescription medicines over his career may have had a deleterious effect on his health. Bach: Preludes, Fugues and Fughettas - Expanded Edition. [71], Gould is reported to have "periodically told interviewers that if he had not been a pianist, he would have been a writer". This is especially evident in his (frequent) attempts at humour and irony. J.S. 1) was met with mixed reaction: the Christian Science Monitor and Saturday Review were quite laudatory, while the Montreal Star was less so. "[48] Leonard Bernstein said, "There is nobody quite like him, and I just love playing with him. [101] There is little critical commentary on Gould's compositions for the simple reason that there are few of them; he never succeeded beyond Opus 1, and left a number of works unfinished. [39] On 10 April 1964, Gould gave his last public performance, playing in Los Angeles, at the Wilshire Ebell Theater. Report. Stream songs including "Suite for Harpsichord No. He later described the experience: It was Hofmann. [10] She would later teach him the piano. Gould was the first pianist to record any of Liszt's piano transcriptions of Beethoven's symphonies (beginning with the Fifth Symphony, in 1967, with the Sixth released in 1969). The cover shows Gould in the corner of a bare dilapidated room – more like the snapshot of a vagrant than the portrait of a pianistic genius. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 The 1955 Goldberg Variations - Birth of a Legend 2002 Albums You May Also Like. [fn 5] This incident is almost certainly related to the adjustable-height chair his father made shortly thereafter. [fn 9], He stated that he did not understand the requirement of other pianists to continuously reinforce their relationship with the instrument by practising many hours a day. Bach (Composer) Format: Audio CD. Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I; Preludes and Fugues 1-8. 3. But it doesn't convince me. The recording Glenn Gould: The Composer contains his original works. See all 4 formats … No performer after him can avoid the example he sets ... Now, everyone must perform through him: he can be emulated or rejected, but he cannot be ignored. His String Quartet (Op. He hated being touched, and in later life limited personal contact, relying on the telephone and letters for communication. It's getting worse all the time. Gould asks why the epoch in which a work is received influences its reception as "art", postulating a sonata of his own composition that sounds so like one of Haydn's that it is received as such. Gould also recorded Bach's six sonatas for violin and harpsichord (BWV 1014–1019) with Jaime Laredo, and the three sonatas for viola da gamba and keyboard with Leonard Rose. "[55] In a letter to the cellist Virginia Katims of 20 January 1973, Gould said he had been vegetarian for about ten years. [17] He used this famous chair for the rest of his life and took it with him almost everywhere. Gould's playing was distinguished by a remarkable technical proficiency and a capacity to articulate the contrapuntal texture of Bach's music. "[64] In 1956, he was also taking Thorazine, an anti-psychotic medication, as well as reserpine, another anti-psychotic, but one that can also be used to lower blood pressure. [47] His chair is so closely identified with him that it is shown in a place of honour in a glass case at the National Library of Canada. Allemande" and more. He had earlier directed Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. Gould recorded several Handel suites and a few pieces from J.S. Glenn Gould, né le 25 septembre 1932 à Toronto au Canada et mort le 4 octobre 1982 dans la même ville, est un pianiste, compositeur, écrivain, homme de radio et réalisateur canadien [1].Il est connu pour ses interprétations pianistiques du répertoire baroque, en particulier pour deux enregistrements des Variations Goldberg de Jean-Sébastien Bach (1955 et 1981). Gould made his Boston debut in 1958, playing for the Peabody Mason Concert Series. If, instead, the sonata had been attributed to an earlier or later composer, it becomes more or less interesting as a piece of music. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2 - Glenn Gould on AllMusic - 1993 He was once arrested, having possibly been mistaken for a vagrant, while sitting on a park bench in Sarasota, Florida, dressed in his standard all-climate attire of coats, hat and mittens. As a teenager, Gould had written chamber music and piano works in the style of the Second Viennese school. She purchased a house near Gould's 110 St. Clair Avenue West apartment. When presented with a piano, the young Gould was reported to strike single notes and listen to their long decay, a practice his father Bert noted was different from typical children. 30, selections from Bach's The Art of Fugue, and Paul Hindemith's Piano Sonata No. [45] A small rug would sometimes be required for his feet underneath the piano. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Books I & II, BWV 846-893 Bazzana writes that "it is tempting to assume that Gould was asexual, an image that certainly fits his aesthetic and the persona he sought to convey, and one can read the whole Gould literature and be convinced that he died a virgin"—but he also mentions that evidence points to "a number of relationships with women that may or may not have been platonic and ultimately became complicated and were ended". On 5 June 1938, at the age of five, Gould played in public for the first time, joining his family on stage to play piano at a church service at the Business Men's Bible Class in Uxbridge, Ontario, in front of a congregation of about two thousand. 1.2M . The only organ recordings Gould made were the first nine parts of Bach's. Although he recorded all of Mozart's sonatas and admitted enjoying the "actual playing" of them,[90] Gould claimed to dislike Mozart's later works, to the extent of arguing (perhaps facetiously) that Mozart died too late rather than too early. Gould also recorded works by Brahms, Mozart, and many other prominent piano composers (with the notable exception of Frédéric Chopin), though he was outspoken in his criticism of the Romantic era as a whole. Bach's WTC on a Wittmayer harpsichord. [6] The chair was designed so that Gould could sit very low at the keyboard, and allowed him to pull down on the keys rather than striking them from above, a central technical idea of his teacher at the Conservatory, Alberto Guerrero. Released: 1965. Copyright ©2020 Primary Wave Music IP Fund 1 LP. ), 100, Liszt's piano transcriptions of Beethoven's symphonies, Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, Best Classical Performance – Instrumental Soloist or Soloists, Gould Estate v Stoddart Publishing Co Ltd, "The three-cornered world of Glenn Gould and Natsume Soseki", "The Dogs of Pianist Glenn Gould: In the Key of Woof", "Glenn Gould is a rising star " The Story", "Leonard Bernstein and Glenn Gould don't see eye to eye", "Music: Inner Voices of Glenn Gould; Pianist Plays Them in Addition to Brahms Bernstein Speech Hits at the Interpretation (article abstract)", "Glenn Gould: Variations on an Artist » Gould on his eccentricities » Did you know? [91] He was fond of a number of lesser-known composers such as Orlando Gibbons, whose Anthems he had heard as a teenager,[92] and whose music he felt a "spiritual attachment" to. The Well-Tempered Clavier Book II : Prelude And Fugue No. Gould was known for his eccentricities, from his unorthodox musical interpretations and mannerisms at the keyboard to aspects of his lifestyle and behaviour. Browse more videos. The disc of recordings was placed on the spacecraft Voyager 1. The 1981 release was one of CBS Masterworks' first digital recordings. During Gould's 1957 concert performances in Moscow. [103] The majority of his work is published by Schott Music. [16] Around the same time, he injured his back as a result of a fall from a boat ramp on the shore of Lake Simcoe. [98], He worked with numerous vocalists to record Schoenberg, Hindemith, and Ernst Krenek, including Donald Gramm and Ellen Faull. George Szell, who led Gould in 1957 with the Cleveland Orchestra, remarked to his assistant, "That nut's a genius. [fn 12] There, he could control every aspect of the final musical "product" by selecting parts of various takes. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the 1987 CD release of The Partitas, Preludes, Fugues & Fughettas on Discogs. Gould was a teetotaller and did not smoke. It had reached the stage, Bazzana writes, that "he was taking pills to counteract the side effects of other pills, creating a cycle of dependency". Gould produced his final recordings himself, beginning with this Bach album in January and February 1980. The success of Gould's collaborations was to a degree dependent upon his collaborators' receptiveness to his sometimes unconventional readings of the music. Hide other formats and editions. While the test was hardly scientific, Gould remarked, "The tape does lie, and nearly always gets away with it".[80]. 1-24 BWV 846-869 ‎ (2xLP, Comp + Box) CBS , CBS S77225, S 77225 The live radio broadcast was subsequently released on CD, Bernstein's disclaimer included. [26], The piano, Gould said, "is not an instrument for which I have any great love as such ... [but] I have played it all my life, and it is the best vehicle I have to express my ideas." One of Gould's reasons for abandoning live performance was his aesthetic preference for the recording studio, where, in his words, he developed a "love affair with the microphone". [19] His extremely low position at the instrument permitted him more control over the keyboard. [6][15], At the age of 10, he began attending the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto (known until 1947 as the Toronto Conservatory of Music). (Gould grew up in Toronto at the same time that Canadian theorists Marshall McLuhan, Northrop Frye, and Harold Innis were making their mark on communications studies. Listen to Handel: Suites for Harpsichord - Bach: Selections from the Well Tempered Clavier, Book II by Glenn Gould on Apple Music. [29] He associated this drift towards hedonism with the emergence of a cult of showmanship and gratuitous virtuosity on the concert platform in the 19th century and later. [42] Some of Gould's recordings were severely criticised because of this background "vocalising". This new release from Sony presents Glenn Gould’s complete Bach recordings for Columbia Masterworks in a neat and handy 30 album set, pulled from the 2015 remastered complete collection. Gould won three awards out of his six nominations, but accepted only one in person. In outtakes of the Goldberg Variations, Gould describes his practising technique by composing a drill on Variation 11, remarking that he is "still sloppy" and with his usual humour that "a little practising is in order." [21] One year later he had passed the written theory exams, qualifying for an Associate of the Toronto Conservatory of Music (ATCM) diploma. It tends to have a mechanism which is rather like an automobile without power steering: you are in control and not it; it doesn't drive you, you drive it. [117], Gould received many honours both during his lifetime (while claiming to despise competition in music) and posthumously. [73] While offering "brilliant insights" and "provocative theses", Gould's writing is often marred by "long, tortuous sentences" and a "false formality", Bazzana writes.[74]. He went on to explore the possibility of litigation against Steinway & Sons if his apparent injuries were permanent. He dabbled in composition with few finished works. [fn 21]. Gould launched his complete recording of the “Pianists’ Old Testament” on 10 January 1962. Compare the 1970 version from the "Complete Piano Sonatas" set (played first) and the 1958 interpretation (second). [18], Gould developed a technique that enabled him to choose a very fast tempo while retaining the "separateness" and clarity of each note. )[fn 15][fn 16] The spine injury he had suffered early in life led to physicians prescribing, usually independently, an assortment of analgesics, anxiolytics, and other drugs. [31][32] In 1945, at the age of thirteen, he made his first appearance with an orchestra in a performance of the first movement of Beethoven's 4th Piano Concerto with the Toronto Symphony. Gould's experience of driving across northern Ontario while listening to Top 40 radio in 1967 provided the inspiration for one of his most unusual radio pieces, The Search for Petula Clark, a witty and eloquent dissertation on the recordings of the renowned British pop singer, who was then at the peak of her international success. Gould was widely known for his unusual habits. Bach, stating that the Baroque composer was "first and last an architect, a constructor of sound, and what makes him so inestimably valuable to us is that he was beyond a doubt the greatest architect of sound who ever lived". The purpose of art is not the release of a momentary ejection of adrenaline but is, rather, the gradual, lifelong construction of a state of wonder and serenity."[76]. Amazon.com. D3S 733. Much of the homophony that followed he felt belongs to a less serious and less spiritual period of art. 902, BWV 902a: Prelude in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude and Fughetta in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude in G Major to the Fughetta No. The only thing I can really remember is that, when I was being brought home in a car, I was in that wonderful state of half-awakeness in which you hear all sorts of incredible sounds going through your mind. $6.93. Each group chose different points based on their relationship to music, but none was wholly successful. On a visit to Steinway Hall in New York City in 1959, Gould was greeted by the chief piano technician at the time, William Hupfer, with a slap on the back. That he was not able, by himself, to fashion a bridge between them is neither surprising, nor, in the end, disappointing. Glenn Gould Discusses His Goldberg Variations With Tim Page ((Gould Remastered)) Glenn Gould… Gould won four awards, but, as with the Junos, accepted only one in person. Gould worked from a young age with Guerrero on a technique known as finger-tapping: a method of training the fingers to act more independently from the arm. For a pianist such as Van Cliburn, 200 concerts would have amounted to about two years' touring.[41]. 1. Check out Glenn Gould plays Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier Books I & II, BWV 846-893 by Glenn Gould on Amazon Music. On August 25, 2012, the spacecraft became the first to cross the heliopause and enter the interstellar medium.[106]. Toccata II. Both his parents were musical, and his mother, especially, encouraged the infant Gould's early musical development. [58], One piece of evidence arrived in 2007. The piano had to be set at a certain height and would be raised on wooden blocks if necessary. [fn 3] Gould had no Jewish ancestry,[fn 4] though he sometimes made jokes on the subject, such as "When people ask me if I'm Jewish, I always tell them that I was Jewish during the war. He recorded all five of Beethoven's piano concertos, 23 of the 32 piano sonatas, and numerous bagatelles and variations. He founded the Festival Trio chamber group in 1953 with the cellist Isaac Mamott and the violinist Albert Pratz. Gould claimed that his singing was unconscious and increased in proportion to his inability to produce his intended interpretation from a given piano. I was enchanted. He also made recordings of the complete piano works Lieder by Arnold Schoenberg. [fn 6][21], Gould was a child prodigy[22] and was described in adulthood as a musical phenomenon. [77] Weighing this statement against Gould's highly individualistic lifestyle and artistic vision leads to an apparent contradiction. (Gould rarely shook people's hands, and habitually wore gloves. [66], Whether Gould's behaviour fell within the autism spectrum has been the subject of debate. [5] His maternal grandfather was a cousin of the Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg. 1-15, BWV787-801. "[48] Bernstein created a stir at the concert of April 6, 1962 when, just before the New York Philharmonic was to perform the Brahms Piano Concerto No. A doomsday scenario … The cover shows Gould in the corner of a bare dilapidated room – more like the snapshot of a vagrant than the portrait of a pianistic genius. [23] It seems that Gould was able to practise mentally without access to an instrument, once going so far as to prepare for a recording of Brahms' piano works without playing them until only a few weeks before the sessions. [9], Gould's interest in music and his talent as a pianist were evident very early. He studied music theory with Leo Smith, the organ with Frederick C. Silvester, and piano with Alberto Guerrero. See all formats and editions. This profoundly affected him. Bach: Partitas, Preludes, Fugues, Fughettas de Glenn Gould - Année de production 2012 Gould was shocked by this, and complained of aching, lack of coordination, and fatigue because of the incident. [78], The issue of "authenticity" in relation to an approach like Gould's has been a topic of great debate, although diminished by the end of the 20th century. 1. He was one of the best known and most celebrated pianists of the 20th century, and was renowned as an interpreter of the keyboard works of Johann Sebastian Bach. [84], Gould's first commercial recording (of Berg's Piano sonata, Op. He was attracted to the technical aspects of recording, and considered the manipulation of tape to be another part of the creative process. [38], Gould was convinced that the institution of the public concert was not only an anachronism, but also a "force of evil", leading to his retirement from concert performance. The foundation's mission "is to extend awareness of the legacy of Glenn Gould as an extraordinary musician, communicator, and Canadian, and to advance his visionary and innovative ideas into the future", and its prime activity is the awarding, triennially, of the Glenn Gould Prize to "an individual who has earned international recognition as the result of a highly exceptional contribution to music and its communication, through the use of any communications technologies. This is the secret of doing Bach on the piano at all. 2 (the Urlicht section) in the 1960s. Despite a certain affection for Dixieland jazz, Gould was mostly averse to popular music. [fn 7] He claimed to have almost never practised on the piano itself, preferring to study repertoire by reading,[fn 8] another technique he had learned from Guerrero. Towards the end of his life, Gould began conducting. 4.4 out of 5 stars 76 ratings. Gould's mother would urge the young Gould to sit up straight at the keyboard. 1 … Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Keyboard Concerto No. In 1983, Gould was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame. As early as two weeks after leaving her husband, Foss noticed disturbing signs in Gould, alluding to unusual behaviour that was more than "just neurotic". "[57] He never married, and biographers have spent considerable time on his sexuality. When asked in a radio interview whether he did not find himself wanting to play Chopin, he replied: "No, I don't. [104], Gould is one of the most acclaimed musicians of the 20th century. Gould is a popular subject of biography and even critical analysis. 1 in A Major, HWV 426: II. Listeners regarded his interpretations as ranging from brilliantly creative to outrightly eccentric. [28] Gould was known for having a vivid imagination. [6][7] The family's surname was changed to Gould informally around 1939 to avoid being mistaken for Jewish, given the prevailing anti-Semitism of pre-war Toronto and the Jewish associations of the Gold surname. Our relationship was, among other things, quite sexual." When Gould was in Los Angeles in 1956, he met Cornelia Foss, an art instructor, and her husband Lukas, a conductor. Transcriptions, compositions, and conducting, Full circumstances of the name-change can be found in, ATCM is Associate, Toronto Conservatory of Music. This item: Glenn Gould plays Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier Books I & II, BWV 846-893 by Glenn Gould Audio CD $16.12 In Stock. [19] His pianism had great clarity and erudition, particularly in contrapuntal passages,[19] and extraordinary control. Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Three-part Inventions (Sinfonias) Nos. He invariably insisted that it had to be extremely warm. By 4 October, there was evidence of brain damage, and Gould's father decided that his son should be taken off life support. It asks whether a recording is less authentic or "direct" for having been highly refined by technical means in the studio. According to Foss, "There were a lot of misconceptions about Glenn, and it was partly because he was so very private. Audio CD, Extra tracks, Original recording remastered, September 30, 2003. Glenn Gould plays Bach - The Goldberg Variations, BMV 998 (Zenph re-performance) Watch later. Although Gould's recording studio producers have testified that "he needed splicing less than most performers",[83] Gould used the process to give himself total artistic control over the recording process. [93] He recorded a number of Gibbons's keyboard works, and called him his favourite composer,[94][95] despite his better-known admiration for the technical mastery of Bach. Gould revered J.S. He would play his own little pieces for family, friends, and sometimes large gatherings—including, in 1938, a performance at the Emmanuel Presbyterian Church (a few blocks from the Gould family home) of one of his own compositions.[14]. [56], Gould lived a private life. Gould left an extensive body of work beyond the keyboard. [65] Cornelia Foss has said that Gould took a lot of antidepressants, which she blamed for his deteriorating mental state. Although there was some controversy at Columbia about the appropriateness of this "debut" piece, the record received phenomenal praise and was among the best-selling classical music albums of its era. 3 in D major, BWV1054. Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Two-part Inventions Nos. [35] This was the beginning of Gould's long association with radio and recording. [43] Gould was renowned for his peculiar body movements while playing and for his insistence on absolute control over every aspect of his environment. [59] Specifically he believed that "someone was spying on him", according to Foss's son. [112][113] A federal plaque reflecting the designation was erected next to a sculpture of him in downtown Toronto. In his writing, Gould praised certain composers and rejected what he deemed banal in music composition and its consumption by the public, and also gave analyses of the music of Richard Strauss, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Yet it is not the work that has changed but its relation within the accepted narrative of music history. Extracts from "The art of Piano" documentary show Glenn Gould playing J.S.Bach's Partita #2

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